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- High Pasture Cave Excavations - 2009
- First phase of the 2009 excavations completed at the Fiskavaig rock shelter…..
- Fiskavaig Rock Shelter 2009 - Excavations Underway…..
- Late finish to the excavation season at the Fiskavaig Rock Shelter site….
- Excavations Resume at Cave of the Speckled Horses, Fiskavaig
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Open Days at High Pasture Cave
Posted by steven on 03/07/2008 at 06:53 PM
Follow the link for an update on the Open Days held at High Pasture Cave in June....
The weather may have been unsettled, especially on the Thursday and Sunday, but Mark Keighley and Orlene Mcilfatrick provided some excellent demonstrations of prehistoric bronze casting and pottery manufacture. Mark is based at Archaeolink, while Orlene is currently studying for her PhD at the University of Edinburgh.
Prior to his visit, Mark had sent through instructions regarding the erection of a small shelter and for a furnace. The furnace (shown above) was manufactured from local clay. To start, a good-sized hole was excavated into the ground, along with opposing slots to take the bellow pipe. The hole was then lined with a clay lining around 50mm thick, complete with the two holes to take the bellows. The reason for two bellow holes was to allow adjustment for wind direction. After construction, a series of ‘cold’ fires were lit in the furnace to slowly dry out the clay.
To save on the preparation of charcoal on site, we purchased some good quality lumpwood charcoal, while Mark brough along a stone mould for a flat axe, skin bellows, clay crucibles and other raw materials. On the Thursday and Friday we hosted visits from Plockton, Elgol and Broadford Primary Schools. The pupils and teachers were first shown around the High Pasture Cave excavations, before they were introduced to prehistoric pottery manufacture using a local clay. The children made their own small pots, while Orlene showed the various techniques used in manufacture and in decorating the finished pots. We hope to fire some of the pots manufactured during the demonstrations during open days in 2009.
Orlene and pupils from Plockton Primary
Meanwhile, Mark had lit the furnace, loaded this with charcoal and set the crucible containing copper and tin in the centre. This was allowed to burn for around one hour before the bellows were activiated. Mark was grateful for the volunteers who undertook this task, as the bellowing could take up to one hour of steady, rythmic pumping! This allowed Mark to show the school pupils, site volunteers and visitors to site replica bronze tools and weapons, while he also explained about the processes involved and the potential role of metalworking during prehistory.
George Kozikowski operating the bellows during one of the bronze casting sessions
The following sequence of images shows the final stages of the bronze casting process.....
The furnace operating at around 1800 to 2000 degrees Celsius. The charcoal has reduced and the rim of the crucible is just visible
Mark pouring the molten bronze into the stone mould
The clay crucible after pouring out the molten bronze
Pupils and teachers from Plockton and Elgol schools watching the demonstrations
Mark managed to get two castings in each day on site and the bronze casting in general proved a valuable experiment for all concerned. During one of the casts, Mark thought that we had achieved temperatures approaching 2200 degrees Celsius in the furnace - almost too hot for the bronze - proving that the furnace design was efficient. We hope to get Mark and Orlene back on site in 2009, along with John and Val Lord, providing a broad spectrum of experimental archaeology spanning the Upper Palaeolithic to the Iron Age.
Mark addressing the school children and their teachers with the backdrop of Strath Suardal
The High Pasture Cave Project Team would like to express their heartfelt thanks to Mark Keithley, Orlene Mcilfatrick and Susan Walker, for helping to make the open days so successful.
Next entry: Fieldwork Update for June 2008